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Carbon Monoxide and Smoke Alarm Legislation

An update on the latest rules and regulations around Carbon Monoxide and Smoke Alarms.

The law around smoke alarms has been in place for years now however the regulations have been amended in June 2022 to include Carbon Monoxide detectors.

From the 1st October 2022 all private rented properties must have

  • At least one working smoke alarm on each floor of the property that is used as living accommodation.
  • A Carbon monoxide alarm in any room used as living accommodation that contains a fixed combustion appliance (gas cookers are excluded from this).
  • Smoke alarms and Carbon Monoxide alarms are replaced and repaired once informed and found to be faulty.

The law applies to landlords renting residential accommodation to one or more tenants occupying all or part of the property as their only or main place to live.

The landlord must be able to demonstrate that alarms are working at the start of the tenancy, it is advisable to ask the tenants to sign receipt confirming the smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms are in working order at check-in.

If the local authority believes the landlord has not implemented the new rules then fines of up to £5,000 could be imposed.


For further information please visit the government website